School paintings

This consists of the largest and most complete collection of didactic school paintings in a museum in the Czech Republic. It contains 10,112 recorded numbers paintings, primarily from the Czech Lands, supplemented by originally German and Austrian paintings used in local schools up to the year 1918 and to a smaller extent Russian paintings from the 1950s. The vast majority of the school wall (didactic) paintings which have been incorporated into the painting collection are of A4 format along with reproductions of art works which serve for decorating schools and photographic portraits of politicians and of school boards. Apart from prints (printed paintings), the collection contains an impressive selection, unique in museums, of 860 original works of school paintings (drafts for prints) from the years 1904–1990 which were obtained by the Museum from the disbanded state organisation Komenium Praha as well as through paintings created by teachers themselves.

The oldest paintings originate from the first half of the 19th century with the vast majority consisting of paintings from the 20th century which were gradually supplemented by school paintings issued from the year 2001 including contemporary works. The foundation of the collections was established by directed collecting from schools over the years 1971 to 1974. These have been systematically processed and supplemented by gifts and transfers of particular paintings or larger collections from primary and secondary schools in Moravia and Bohemia and from a number of museums starting from the beginning of the 1990s.

A valuable part of the collections consists of the group of paintings concerned with the visual teachings of Karel Slavoj Amerling and František Liebisch from the years 1851–1865 (150 tablets with 397 variants)  and an incomplete collection related to German school paintings from D. Englert and Jakob Ferdinand Schreiber (46 tablets from the years 1836 up to 1838). These collections were published on an educational CD-ROM, The World Through the Eyes of Amerling, in the year 2002.  (this also contains an interactive game and is designated as a supplementary aid for various types of schools).

The collected items are part of four museum exhibitions (period reconstruction of school classrooms) and are often lent to travelling school exhibitions of the Museum and for short term exhibitions with a school and artistic theme. Researchers can only study the materials on site. The documentation collections are created gradually.

The collection is administered by Mgr. Jarmila Klímová (Social Sciences Department).


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