Archeology

The archaeology collection contains, in terms of chronological perspective, items which came into existence or were collected as a result of human activity from the older stone age from the early stone age, through the middle and later stone age, the bronze age, La Tène culture, the Roman period, the Middle Ages up to the Early Modern period (to the end of the  17th century).

The archaeological collection is primarily made up of archaeological findings obtained through random events and surface prospects as well as through systematic and rescue archaeological research and up to the middle of the 20th century primarily within the territory of a major part of Central Moravia (these primarily consisted of the areas of Přerov, Tovačov, Kojetín, the environs of Němčice n. Hanou, Nezamyslice, Mořice, Tištín, Víceměřice). After World War II, only items, acquired archaeological research and collections from the territory of the Přerov district were included in the archaeological collections.

The content of the archaeological collections primarily consists of artefacts or fragments (these particularly involve from the functional perspective items of daily use, tools, aids, weapons and parts of armour, jewels, toiletries, parts of clothing, special items, raw materials and semi-finished products) made out of ceramics (by far the most common material), stone, bone and antlers, metal (copper, bronze, iron, gold, silver and electron), glass and glazed materials and from various organic materials. The collection also includes several copies of prehistoric artefacts The collections also include essential entries for inventory of archaeological research (anthropological and osteological material, samples from layers, etc.).

Findings of skeletons of hunted animals from the late Ice age undoubtedly rank among the most significant found items housed in the archaeological collection from the most renowned locality of Přerov - Předmostí (including the famous mammoth bones, tusks and molars), bronze depositions from Přerov and the oldest treasure of metal items in the Přerov area dating back to the period of the late Stone Age. These were discovered during research work at the fortress in Hlinsko near Lipník nad Bečvou.

Great Moravian period jewels from gold, silver and bronze from the Upper Square in Přerov date back to the period of the early Middle Ages. Also of importance is the collection of late Gothic and early Renaissance ceramic tiles and moulds are from Přerov, Lipník nad Bečvou as well as from Týn nad Bečvou - Helfštýn Castle. The archaeological collection contains  112,523 items in all.

Written evidence is available for work with the collection and significant items are documented in the form of drawings and photographs. Reports on findings in written form are available for artefacts which were obtained through archaeological research. The work with the collection is also simplified by a detailed catalogue of archaeological localities which had been prepared in connection with the particular cadastral communities of the district of Přerov.

The most significant items in the archaeological collections are depicted in the book accompaniment   to the Archaeology of Přerov exhibition which also describes the circumstances involving the establishment of the archaeological collections of the Přerov Museum and also contains the most complete up until now current bibliography concerning the theme of archaeology in the region.

The collection is administered by Mgr. Aleš Drechsler (Social Sciences Department).


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